“Offender rehabilitation” theory and practice have traditionally focused on curing “offenders” of their deviant tendencies by changing their habits, opportunities, personality and life outlook. Consequently, a number of interventions have been developed within the criminal justice system that are said to involve helping offenders. Success is measured by recidivism rates. Recently, the foundations of rehabilitation theory and practice have been shaken. Rehabilitation is now seen by many as a threat to offenders’ rights and humanitarian principles. Some have even argued that rehabilitation practices are harmful to offenders’ chances of going straight. Alongside these concerns, the entire paradigm on which our modern criminal justice systems are based has also been questioned.
Alternative visions of justice have been moved out of the shadows in the hope that more effective processes are developed for safer and more just societies. One of these visions is encapsulated in restorative justice, which is based on the foundation of promoting human goods in the pursuit of restoration of harm and the correction of deviant behaviour. Restorative justice practices, such as mediation, circles and conferencing bring to the fore states of affairs, activities and experiences that are strongly associated with well-being and higher level of personal satisfaction and social functioning. They aim to create empathy and remorse and through constructive and honest dialogue create a sense of responsibility in the “offender” and a feeling of empowerment and justice in the “victim”. Within this framework the labels of “victim” and “offender” collapse.
A new approach to crime reduction and offender rehabilitation is thus needed. This ground-breaking edited volume aims to respond to this call by bringing together inter-disciplinary thinking.
Table of Contents:
- Foreword (Kay Pranis, Circle Keeper, MN Dept. of Corrections 1994 – 2003, Restorative Justice Planner, USA)
- Preface (Margaret Thorsborne, Vernon C. (Vick) Kelly, Managing Director of Margaret Thorsborne & Associates & Transformative Justice, Australia, and others)
- Introduction and Acknowledgments (Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)
- Chapter 1 How I Became an Offender and What I Did to Remove this Label (James E. Mandelin, Ex-offender and now a youth mentor and the Treasurer of the Vancouver Association for Restorative Justice, Canada)
Part I: An Inter-Disciplinary Dialogue between Restorative Justice and Offender Rehabilitation
- Chapter 2 A Human Rights Vision of Restorative Justice: Moving Beyond Labels (Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)
- Chapter 3 Restorative Justice and the Blurring Between Reparation and Rehabilitation (Fernanda Fonseca Rosenblatt, Assistant Professor at Catholic University of Pernambuco, Brazil)
- Chapter 4 How Restorative Justice can Enable an Interdisciplinary Response to the Perceived Needs of Victims and Children who Offend (Ashley Shearar, Team manager – Youth Policy, New Zealand Ministry of Social Development and research affiliate for the Restorative Justice Chair at New Zealand’s Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand)
- Chapter 5 “Design for Empathy” – Exploring the Potential of Participatory Design for Fostering Restorative Values and Contributing to Restorative Process (Lorraine Gamman, Adam Thorpe, Design Director, Design Against Crime Research Centre, Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design, University of the Arts London, UK, and others)
- Chapter 6 Empathy and Emotional Awareness: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Alexandra Koufouli, Marieke S. Tollenaar, PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece; Institute of Psychology, Unit of Clinical Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands, and others)
- Chapter 7 Applying affect Script Psychology to Restorative Justice: How Can the Theory Inform the Practice? (Angeliki Kassari, Clinical Studies Officer, Research & Development department, North East London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK)
Part II: Case Studies Across Disciplines: Removing the Criminal Justice Labels
- Chapter 8 Restorative Justice and Student Development in Higher Education: Expanding ‘Offender’ Horizons Beyond Punishment and Rehabilitation to Community Engagement and Personal Growth (David Karp, Olivia Frank, Professor of Sociology, Skidmore College, New York, USA, and others)
- Chapter 9 A Local Volunteer Restorative Justice Model for Adolescents at Risk: Bridging the Court, Mental Health, and Public School Systems (Linda Harvey, Kay Hoffman, Erin Summers, Craig Borie, Director of Juvenile Restorative Justice, Inc. in Lexington, KY, USA, and others)
- Chapter 10 Shame Affect in Intimate Partner Violence: Implications for Restorative Justice (Anne Hayden, Research Associate of the Office of the Pro-Vice Chancellor, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand, Winston Churchill Fellows Association member, Council of Elders, Restorative Justice Aotearoa member, New Zealand)
- Chapter 11 Breaking the Mould: Dealing with “Group Offenders” and Riots Through Restorative Justice (Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)
- Chapter 12 Preventing School Bullying through the use of Empathy: Let’s Stop Bullying without Focusing on Offender Discipline and Treatment (Paula Kaldis, Larissa Abramiuk, Professor of Law, Assistant Dean, Massachusetts School of Law, USA, and others)
- Chapter 13 The Alternatives to Violence Project: Using Positive Criminology as a Framework for Understanding Rehabilitation and Reintegration (Damon Petrich, Brenda Morrison, Researcher, Simon Fraser University, Canada, and others)
- Chapter 14 Prospects of Family Group Conferencing with Youth Sex Offenders and their Victims in South Africa (Thulane Gxubane, Senior Lecturer University of Cape Town, South Africa)
- Chapter 15 Building the Restorative City (Marian Liebmann, ex Director of Mediation UK, restorative justice trainer and practitioner, UK)
- Editor/Contributor Contact Information
“Recent years have seen a renewed interest in offender rehabilitation and a transformation in thinking about the goals and assumptions of rehabilitative interventions. This timely book pushes debate ahead by exploring in depth the role that restorative justice principles and practices can play in efforts to reduce crime and empower offenders to reconstruct their social lives. By bringing an interdisciplinary perspective to bear upon this subject, with contributions from some of the leading scholars and practitioners in the field, Offenders No More provides a sophisticated analysis of the interpenetration of rehabilitation and restorative justice theories and practices. This is an important book for anybody interested in deepening their understanding of progressive penal interventions. Professor Dr. Gerry Johnstone , University of Hull, UK; author of Restorative Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates.
“Offenders no More inspires hope. Hope in the idea that human beings who have violated others can change. Gavrielides’ edited volume offers a powerful corrective that moves us beyond our current punitive justice doctrine. The composite set of authors’ guide us away from our infatuation with labeling, shaming and isolation, to a creative justice that calls for accountability, integration and healing. This anthology is provocative, research-based and interdisciplinary. I recommend this as a critical read for those interested in changing the conversation around how we do justice restoratively”. Carl Stauffer, Zehr Institute for Restorative Justice, Eastern Mennonite University, USA
“I recommend this book to those who are interested in improving practice, writing policy and planning more research so that we can explore more possibilities in this fascinating field together in a spirit of true collaboration. I hope this book will be a good beginning for such inter-disciplinary efforts”. Margaret Thorsborne, Managing Director of Margaret Thorsborne & Associates & Transformative Justice, Australia
“I wish to honor all those whose work is presented in this volume and all those who will pick this book up and read it. We are joined by the connecting threads of the writing and reading process. We are all engaged in making meaning – living the questions as best we can”. Kay Pranis (Circle Keeper, MN Dept. of Corrections 1994 – 2003, Restorative Justice Planner, USA).
“Offenders no More is an evidence book for restorative justice and rehabilitation policies and practices. Theo Gavrielides and the authors of re-conceptualize (re)offending in terms of restorative justice. The book moves forward within an interdisciplinary restorative justice framework, adopting a holistic and an integrated approach to offending. The book achieves the ‘τέλος’ (telos), an Aristotelian word that describes the end and the purpose. Useful reflections are included for academics, researchers and policy makers in criminal justice, prison settings and restorative justice”. Professor Dr. Vasso Artinopoulou (Panteion University, Athens, Greece. Co-founder and Co-Director of the RJ4All Institute, London, UK )
“Theo Gavrielides, stands out as one of the most prolific and prominent researchers in the subject of Restorative Justice in Europe, as he have been the precursor of visionary transformations in the theoretical and practical approaches to this field. The innovative ideas that are expressed through this collective work are leading a revolutionary change of the classic view of the penal system and traditional criminology, especially regarding restorative justice’s conception of the offender’s rehabilitation. Another decidedly original feature found in this book consists in the use of a wide analysis, extended to include a diverse range of areas of knowledge, thus bringing together, through an interdisciplinary dialogue, views from psychology, criminology, sociology, political science, social work, human rights and the arts. The present book is highly recommended for those who put their hopes in the development of more effective processess to create fairer and safer societies, with higher levels of personal and social well-being. In this sense, it is of the utmost importance for policy makers, criminal justice operators, professionals, researchers and advanced students in Restorative Justice, criminology, human rights and social sciences. Dr. Isabel González Ramírez (Directora del Centro de Investigación en Mediación y Arbitraje, de UCEN, University of Chile)