Aim. The issue of sexual education for young people and teenagers has always existed and has gained relevance with the development of society. Technical and social developments in recent decades have created a particular need for good quality and accessible
sexual education, because the rapid spread and unlimited access to the Internet, the easy availability of a variety of information does not always have a positive impact on the development and formation of the consciousness of the young body. Children are not always able to understand correctly the information they come across online, from their peers or on the street, drawing false conclusions and modelling erroneous situations in the future.
The topics of sex education and reproductive rights of teenagers and young people are still the most difficult and uncontroversial today, as they relate to intimate areas of life. Some parents, because of their religious beliefs, still object to the introduction of sexual education at schools, considering it necessary to remain silent in their conversations and, in some cases, the topic is taboo and cannot be discussed under any circumstances. The church’s influence on schools also leaves its mark on the development of sexual education at state level, slowing its development and implementation, despite the fact that the church is separate from the state and schools at the legislative level in most countries.
The main purpose of the research presented in this article is to analyse the right of minors to accessible and quality sexual education and its impact on the preservation of reproductive health.
Methods. The study is based on an analysis of international and national experiences of sexual education for young people and teenagers, as well as information from a literature study.
Results. The results of the study showed that sexual education provided in a safe and supportive learning environment, along with adequate access to health services that are free of charge and confidential to the underage patient, positively and safely affects the health and further well-being of young people and contributes to maintaining reproductive and psychological health in the future.
The study analysed the reproductive rights of juveniles and found that such rights do not have a separate category, but are derived from inalienable human rights and freedoms, which are already recognized in national legislation, international human rights instruments and other generally accepted documents.
Conclusions. The question of singling out reproductive rights as a separate category is debatable in the academic community and requires further research.
Keywords: reproductive rights, reproductive health, sexual education, young people.