The article deals with peculiarities of understanding of the symptom by the young people, knowledge of the symptom and its role in the development of psychosomatic disorders. On the basis of factor analysis, the authors present the main components which determine personal characteristics (including thinking) in youth with psychosomatic manifestations.
In the process of psychotherapy, it was found that when a person already has information about the genesis of their own negative state, it can motivate them to make new moves to recover or, conversely, provoke the emergence of psychosomatic manifestations and worsening of symptoms.
According to the results of factor analysis, it was found that the young people with psychosomatic manifestations are characterized by low rigidity, low stress resistance, high persistence in the process of recovery, high ability to analyze the causes of the symptoms and disease at the moment, mostly negative self-perception, high intensity of psychosomatic complaints, exhaustion and heart pain as the dominant complaints, high personal anxiety, the presence of pathogenic thinking and negative emotions when suffering from the disease, etc.
Our research was clear in finding the problem when the young people has an illness, the formation of adequate self-perception and appropriate thinking are influenced by the factors that reflect the client’s ability to carry out mental self-analysis of their own internal mental activity, mental qualities and states.
Given the scarcity of similar literature focusing on psychosomatic disorders in youth, the present study provides a baseline analysis of the scope of the challenges that the youth encounter.
Keywords: symptom, psychosomatic manifestation, psychosomatic disorder.