Adolescence is a crucial developmental period accompanied by significant changes. Therefore, essential to this phase are promoting well-being and improving relationships between adolescents and their environment. Studies have shown the individual relation of satisfaction of basic psychological needs and self-esteem to the well-being of adolescence but not together. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the relationships between basic psychological need satisfaction (BPNS), self-esteem and well-being and examine the influence of basic psychological need satisfaction and self-esteem on adolescents’ well-being.
A sample of Indian adolescents (N= 539, 40.1% male, Mage= 17.38 years, SD=1.23) was recruited from secondary schools and junior colleges. The participants completed questionnaires regarding basic psychological need satisfaction, self-esteem, and personal well-being. Results showed that the dimensions of BPNS, self-esteem, and well-being have significant associations with one another. Age, gender, autonomy, relatedness, competence and self-esteem were found to be significant predictors of the standard of living, personal health, achievement, personal relationships and personal safety dimensions of well-being.
The findings indicate the need for psychological interventions to enhance better basic psychological need satisfaction and self-esteem among adolescents. The findings of this study highlight the importance of self-esteem and satisfaction of basic psychological needs as essential factors in enhancing adolescents’ well-being and adds to the literature on factors contributing to the well-being of adolescents.
Keywords: Adolescents, well-being, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-esteem