What War Never Destroys: Factors for Maintaining Happiness and Resilience in Young Families during War

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Author(s): Oksana Matlasevych and Maryana Mykolaychuk

To cite this article: Matlasevych, O. and Mykolaychuk, M. (2023). What War Never Destroys: Factors for Maintaining Happiness and Resilience in Young Families during War, Inequality, Informational Warfare, Fakes and Self-Regulation in Education and Upbringing of Youth, Youth Voice Journal Vol. II, pp. 55-65. ISBN (ONLINE): 978-1-911634-79-9



Satisfaction with marital relations and secure attachment style are among the most significant factors considered one of the significant factors of resilience as a person’s ability to successfully cope with stresses and unfavorable circumstances. On the other hand, there are a large number of external factors that in one way or another affect the quality of marital interaction. The most global among them in the last three years is the Covid-19 pandemic and russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. War is a very powerful and global stressor. Large numbers of families are exposed to mass violence, psychological stress, economic damage, etc. War has a particularly negative impact on young people. According to statistics, 75% of mental disorders begin before the age of 24, which, in turn, has a pronounced negative impact on learning, social life and the future of youth. But there are also those young couples who are able to withstand this stress, survive it, adapt and even grow up, despite very unfavorable incidents. The purpose of the study was to determine indicators of youth resilience and happiness in the sixth month of the war, to find out the distribution of these indicators by gender, place of residence (permanent or refugee), attachment style, indicators of emotional flexibility, and to build a regression model of psychological factors of youth resilience during the war. Analysis of the results of the study shows that the average estimate of the level of happiness, as well as the average values of resilience indicators among the surveyed young people is quite high. Comparative (multivariate variance) analysis showed that statistically significant differences exist in the indicators of meaning as a component of happiness, depending on place of residence and type of attachment of young people (F=4,499; p=0,038), and in the indicators of resilience depending on type of attachment and level of emotional flexibility (F=4,938; p=0,002). In addition, there were statistically significant differences in measures of engagement, as a component of happiness, in subjects with anxious and secure (p=0,017) attachment types. According to the results of multiple regression analysis, it was concluded that the structure of youth resilience is influenced by cognitive overestimation (p=0,001) as one of the strategies of emotional regulation and emotional flexibility of personality. The study will make it possible to develop recommendations for young couples on how to maintain psychological balance and healthy marital relationships at a time of great stress.

Keywords: resilience, happiness, young spouses, war, attachment type, emotional flexibility.

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