The article deals with the problem of realization of the competence-based approach under the regional cluster model of the development of professional education in the frames of modern challenges for the society and education. The strategic trends of improving professional education have been revealed. The possibilities to develop competence-based approach in higher education are shown. The analysis of questionnaires’ results of graduates, teachers and employers is carried out. The problem field of improving higher education in regional conditions is revealed on the basis of the competence-based approach. The reorientation of education systems to a new, competency-based paradigm is associated with the accession of the Republic of Belarus and other countries to the Bologna Process, which marked the beginning of ambitious reforms in higher education. In most of the national educational systems in Europe, in the last decade, it has become evident that there has been a shift from controlling “inputs” to monitoring to controlling “outputs” of the educational process. Thus, the emphasis has shifted to educational outcomes. The main thing in assessing the effectiveness of educational activities of universities are the results of education: knowledge, competencies and skills got by students, including their independent learning and self-education. The focus of attention is increasingly shifting to a competence-based approach. The competence-based approach, focusing on the result of education, considers as a result not the sum of the assimilated information, but the person’s ability to act productively in his career. Competence-based education is aimed at the development of knowledge and methods of practical activity that ensure successful functioning of a person. Competence-based approach, can guarantee quality of a graduate’s training and determines his readiness for an independent life and productive professional activity, which creates the preconditions for a higher mobility of young specialists in a dynamically changing labor market.
Keywords: Challenges, Competence-based approach, Professional education, Cluster model, Questionnaire